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DARPA AMBIIENT developing ultrasensitive Magnetometers

State-of-the-art magnetometers are used for diverse civilian and DoD applications, among them biomedical imaging, navigation, and detecting unexploded ordnance and underwater and underground anomalies.   Each beat of your heart or burst of brain activity relies on tiny electrophysiological currents that generate minuscule ripples in the surrounding magnetic field. These …

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Smart Microrobots can self-reconfigure, merge, split, and heal themselves

We are on the verge of new transitions that will transform robotics. One is already underway—the miniaturization of robots, to the point where invisible, microscopic robots could be around us and inside us, performing monitoring or even life-saving functions. We have seen systematic bio-inspired efforts to create microbe-like, microscopic robots. …

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Twisted Graphene for Quantum technology

Graphene is a 1-atom-thick layer of tightly bonded carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. Graphene the world’s first 2D nanomaterial, is widely regarded as the “wonder material” of the 21st century due to the combination of its extraordinary properties. As a single layer of graphite, it is the thinnest …

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Compound semiconductors for 5G, radar, electronic warfare, aviation, and satellite communication applications

Modern electronic products, from computers to smart phones, use silicon chips at their heart. As the name suggests, these chips are made from silicon, which is a highly abundant element found in sand. With a single element, it is possible to scale-up the manufacturing process to make highly complex silicon chips …

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Molecular Robotics and molecular machines propulsion technologies

Molecular machines can be defined as devices that can produce useful work through the interaction of individual molecules at the molecular scale of length. A convenient unit of measurement at the molecular scale would be a nanometer. Hence, molecular machines also fall into the category of nanomachines. Molecular machines depend …

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Micro- and Nanoelectronics for Quantum Technologies

Current silicon technology has steadily improved our ability to compute by increasing the number of bits and gates. Now researchers are developing Quantum technology to develop the next generation of computer communication, control, signal processing, and sensors.   Quantum technology (QT) applies quantum mechanical properties such as quantum entanglement, quantum …

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Smart, Multifunctional and Programmable materials require noval fabrication and 3D printing technologies

Smart materials or Active materials or Functional materials are designed materials that have diverse, dynamic features that enable them to adapt to the environment. They have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimuli, the stimulus and response may be mechanical, electrical, …

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Optical Metasurfaces becoming Multifunctional and tunable

Metamaterials are artificially structured materials designed to control and manipulate physical phenomena such as light and other electromagnetic waves, sound waves and seismic waves in unconventional ways, resulting in exotic behavior that’s not found in nature. This class of micro- and nano-structured artificial media are predicted to be able to protect …

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Quantum dots, the semiconducting nanocrystals enable efficient & cheaper displays, solar cells, and infrared cameras

Driven by technology advances in solid-state optoelectronics, light-emitting diode (LED) lighting has been expanded to a wide range of applications in consumer electronics, automotive, architectural, and healthcare settings. Recently, there has been a drive to make lighting “smart” by incorporating internet of things (IoT) connectivity and machine learning-based artificial intelligence …

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Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS) for sensing, displays, portable power generation, energy harvesting, drug delivery and imaging

MEMS is a word used for miniaturized devices that are based on Silicon technology or traditional precision engineering, chemical or mechanical. MEMS stands for MicroElectroMechanical Systems denoting man-made mechanical elements, sensors, actuators, and electronics that were produced using microfabrication technology and are integrated on a silicon substrate. The critical structural …

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