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Synthetic diamond with nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center a unique material for quantum sensors including magnetic sensing

Quantum technology (QT) applies quantum mechanical properties such as quantum entanglement, quantum superposition, and No-cloning theorem to quantum systems such as atoms, ions, electrons, photons, or molecules.   Quantum Sensing exploit high sensitivity of quantum systems to external disturbances to develop highly sensitive sensors. They can measure Quantities such as …

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Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS) for sensing, displays, portable power generation, energy harvesting, drug delivery and imaging

MEMS is a word used for miniaturized devices that are based on Silicon technology or traditional precision engineering, chemical or mechanical. MEMS stands for MicroElectroMechanical Systems denoting man-made mechanical elements, sensors, actuators, and electronics that were produced using microfabrication technology and are integrated on a silicon substrate. The critical structural …

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Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS) manufacturing and material technologies

MEMS is a word used for miniaturized devices that are based on Silicon technology or traditional precision engineering, chemical or mechanical. MEMS stands for MicroElectroMechanical Systems denoting man-made mechanical elements, sensors, actuators, and electronics that were produced using microfabrication technology and are integrated on a silicon substrate. The critical structural …

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Silicon qubits promise to become core of Quantum Revolution after Microelectronics

Quantum technology (QT) applies quantum mechanical properties such as quantum entanglement, quantum superposition, and No-cloning theorem to quantum systems such as atoms, ions, electrons, photons, or molecules.   Quantum bit is the basic unit of quantum information.  Whereas in a classical system, a bit is either in one state or …

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Aerospace composite materials for high speed Aircraft and Missile applications

Since the birth of aviation, designers have continuously endeavored to improve the lift-to-weight ratios of aircraft. With increasing fuel costs, commercial aerospace manufacturers are under pressure to enhance the performance of aircraft, for which weight reduction is a key factor.   Military forces around the world prefer lightweight aircraft, which …

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Optical frequency comb (OFB) technology to enhance LIDAR and chemical sensing

The need for better radar in World War II drove the development of radio frequency control, and its miniaturization in subsequent decades revolutionized a host of military and consumer applications. The generation of accurate signal frequencies from a single reference oscillator called microwave frequency synthesis, brought about many advanced technologies …

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DARPA developing new material system capable of more effective high energy gamma-ray shielding

One of biggest threat to  the deployed aerospace and defense electronics systems is radiation. Long term exposure of astronauts to radiation   is equally challenging. This force can occur naturally in space and at high altitudes on Earth, or can come in massive doses from the detonation of nuclear weapons. Deep-space and …

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Safe destruction and recycling of ballistic and non-ballistic materials

When body armor and bulletproof vests reach the end of their service life, law enforcement and military organizations must dispose of ballistic materials in accordance with National Institute of Justice (NIJ) regulations. The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) has provided a publication, Guide to Body Armor, which lays out standards …

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Electronic Materials for Consumer Electronics

The Global Consumer Electronics Market revenue stood at a value of USD 728.1 Billion in the year 2021 and is expected to reach a value USD 964.6 Billion in the year 2028. Consumer electronic products including personal and home electronics are full of components that rely on materials for proper …

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Magnesium Alloys in Military Applications

Magnesium alloys are mixtures of magnesium (the lightest structural metal) with other metals called an alloy. Magnesium alloys are well-known for being the lightest structural alloys. They are made of magnesium, the lightest structural metal, mixed with other metal elements to improve the physical properties. These elements include manganese, aluminum, …

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