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Material platforms for Photonic integrated circuits (PIC) enable LiDAR, quantum and neuromorphic computing

To meet the growing demand for data created by 5G, the Internet of Things, and cloud and streaming video, many data centers are upgrading their networks to 400-Gbit/s optical links using photonic integrated circuit (PIC) technology. Compared with electronic integrated circuits, PICs have several advantages, including lower power consumption, much …

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Material technologies for harsh space environment in Moon, and Mars missions

There is global  space race among countries  to build Moon bases, harness it’s mineral resources and helium-3, fuel for future nuclear fusion power plants. Space agencies in US, China, Japan, Europe, Russia, Iran , Canada and a few private companies all hope to send people to the moon by as …

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Green propellants for next-generation green launch vehicles and spacecraft

In recent years, small satellites have become a popular tool for accessing space. CubeSats in particular offer a standardized platform for ride-along access to space, carrying payloads for space-based science research or technology demonstrations. These systems are typically on the order of less than a cubic meter in volume and …

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Photonic and Optical Coatings vital for military operations

Optical coatings are widely used in applications including architecture, consumer electronics, solar panels, automotive, medical, telecommunication, and military & defense.   Optical or photonic coatings are generally used to increase the reflection, transmission, or polarization properties of a component, e.g., prisms, polarizing films, color filters, mirrors, diffraction mosaics, and refractory …

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Missile Structures and Materials

In military terminology,  a missile is a guided airborne ranged weapon capable of self-propelled flight usually by a jet engine or rocket motor. Missiles have five system components: targeting, guidance system, flight system, engine, and warhead. Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic, cruise, …

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New materials for Soft Actuators or Artificial muscles enabling life like Soft Robots and augment Soldiers performance

The emerging field of soft robotics aims to improve robot/human interactivity promising to bring robots into all aspects our daily lives, including wearable robotics, surgical robots, micromanipulation, search and rescue, and others. Soft robotics differ from traditional counterparts in some important ways: Soft robots have little or no hard internal …

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DARPA RCM building Resilience into Chemical Manufacturing from supply chain disruptions.

The United States relies on chemical manufacturing to provide products ranging from everyday consumer goods (plastics, fabrics, adhesives, paints) to cutting edge technologies (medicines, electronic materials), industrial goods (dyes, pesticides) and military supplies (fuels, explosives). While many high-volume, petroleum-derived chemical feedstocks are produced domestically, much of the fine chemical manufacturing …

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Military Smart and Intelligent textiles improve performance of soldiers enhancing their mobility, survivability and connectivity

The past few years have seen the introduction of a number of wearable technologies, from fitness trackers to smart watches but with the increasing use of smart textiles, wearables are set to become ‘disappearables’ as the devices merge with textiles. Unlike today’s ‘wearables’ tomorrow’s devices will be fully integrated into …

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Smart 3D printed combat helmet for soldiers

More than 430,000 U.S. service members were diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury from 2000 to 2020, and up to 35% of men and women in the military have suffered a concussion during combat. Now, researchers are working to modernize the standard issue military helmets, using the latest technology to save …

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China leads the geostrategic race to exploit deep sea minerals

The oceans, which covers seventy percent of our earth’s surface are believed to be able to satisfy our need of minerals like gold, copper, silver, zinc, cobalt and manganese for the next hundred years. Water is heated in the Earth’s crust by magma and rises up through fissures, venting into …

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