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Biotechnology transforming Agriculture

There is no area of human activity more basic to society than a sustainable agricultural, food, and natural resource system. With projections that global population will grow to as much as 10 billion by 2050 (Pew Research Center 2022), there is increasing concern as to how this system should be transformed to feed this population sustainably.

 

Biotechnology is  technology  that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for commercial application or benefit to humanity. This technology utilizes varied biomolecular and cellular procedures in order to develop products and technologies that ultimately assist in advancing human lives as well as the health of our planet. Biotechnology is an innovative, interdisciplinary field that impacts many different sectors, including agriculture, veterinary, medicine, pharmaceutical and fine chemicals production.

 

Agricultural biotechnology, also known as agritech, is an area of agricultural science involving the use of scientific tools and techniques, including genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture, to modify living organisms: plants, animals, and microorganisms.

 

Crop biotechnology is one aspect of agricultural biotechnology which has been greatly developed upon in recent times. Desired trait are exported from a particular species of Crop to an entirely different species. These transgene crops possess desirable characteristics in terms of flavor, color of flowers, growth rate, size of harvested products and resistance to diseases and pests.

 

Agricultural biotechnology can be used to create genetically modified crops for combating hunger and malnutrition. Traditional biotechnology techniques such as selective breeding, hybridization, and fermentation have been modifying living plants for improved yield or enhanced nutritional value from time immemorial. However, with improvements in knowledge about the role of individual plant genes, modern biotechnology techniques can be used to add, delete, or edit specific genes to produce a desired variety, thereby reducing the possibility of off-target effects. For example, golden rice, an engineered variety of rice, contains two extra genes to make it produce beta-carotene, a precursor to Vitamin A, that can help address nutrient deficiencies that lead to blindness, anemia, and weakened immune systems among children.

 

Scientific advances can also help develop genetically modified crops that withstand natural calamities, pests, and diseases. Such varieties can increase crop yields, lessen the need to use pesticides and insecticides, lift farmers out of poverty, and ensure food security. Beyond that, biotechnology can help produce healthier and faster-growing animals and improve the quality and quantity of milk, eggs, and meat for human consumption.

 

A GMO (genetically modified organism) is a plant, animal, or microorganism that has had its genetic material (DNA) changed using technology that generally involves the specific modification of DNA, including the transfer of specific DNA from one organism to another. Scientists often refer to this process as genetic engineering. Most GMO crops are used in food for animals like cows, chickens, and fish. They are also used to make ingredients that are then used in food products like cereal, snack chips, and vegetable oils. Some GMO plants contain plant-incorporated protectants (PIPs) to make them resistant to insects, reducing the need for and use of many spray pesticides.

 

An article by the CROPPS Research Community emphasizes the need for a deeper understanding of the biology of plants and their responses to a changing climate, among other factors. The vision and work of the Center for Research on Programmable Plant Systems (CROPPS) focus on understanding the deep biology of plants to create an Internet of Living Things. The vision depends on transdisciplinary collaboration—biotechnology and synthetic biology, robotics and automation, sensing and automation, and computing—to enable a digital dialogue with plant systems.

 

Agricultural Biotechnology Market

Agricultural biotechnology market is expected to gain market growth in the forecast period of 2020 to 2027. Data Bridge Market Research analyses the market to account to USD 74.55 billion by 2027 growing at a CAGR of 9.94% in the above-mentioned forecast period. Escalated penetration of biotechnology, tissue culture, and molecular breeding and unique plant breeding is defining the success parameters of agricultural biotechnology market.

 

Key Market Segments:

  • On the basis of type, agricultural biotechnology market is segmented into molecular diagnostics, molecular markers, tissue culture, vaccines, genetic engineering, and others.
  • On the basis of application, the agricultural biotechnology market is bifurcated into transgenic crops, flower culturing, nutritional supplements, biofuels, antibiotic development, vaccine development and others.
  • On the basis of organism type, the agricultural biotechnology market is divided into plants, animals, microbes, and others.
  • On the basis of technology, the agricultural biotechnology market is fragmented into genome editing tools, ribonucleic acid interference [RNAi], biochips, deoxy ribonucleic acid [DNA] sequencing, and synthetic biology.
  • Based on the product, the agricultural biotechnology market is segregated into crop protection products, transgenic seeds, and synthetic biology-enables products. Crop protection products are further sub-categorized into biostimulants, and biopesticides. Transgenic seeds are further sub-segmented into soybean, fruits & vegetables, maize, cotton, and others.

 

The major players are KWS SAAT SE & Co. KGaA, ChemChina, Corteva., Limagrain, MITSUI & CO., LTD., AgPlenus ltd., Biomica, Evogene Ltd., Canonic ltd., Bayer AG, Valent BioSciences LLC, Nufarm Limited, Marrone Bio Innovations., Performance Plants Inc., ADAMA Ltd. among other domestic and global players. Market share data is available for global, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and South America separately. DBMR analysts understand competitive strengths and provide competitive analysis for each competitor separately.

 

References and Resources also include:

https://znewsafrica.com/uncategorized/293084/agricultural-biotechnology-market-2022-analytical-overview-technological-innovations-with-economic-indicators-by-2029/

https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2022/06/29/how-biotechnology-will-transform-the-food-and-agriculture-system/

 

Cite This Article

 
International Defense Security & Technology (October 5, 2022) Biotechnology transforming Agriculture. Retrieved from https://idstch.com/technology/biosciences/biotechnology-transforming-agriculture/.
"Biotechnology transforming Agriculture." International Defense Security & Technology - October 5, 2022, https://idstch.com/technology/biosciences/biotechnology-transforming-agriculture/
International Defense Security & Technology September 7, 2022 Biotechnology transforming Agriculture., viewed October 5, 2022,<https://idstch.com/technology/biosciences/biotechnology-transforming-agriculture/>
International Defense Security & Technology - Biotechnology transforming Agriculture. [Internet]. [Accessed October 5, 2022]. Available from: https://idstch.com/technology/biosciences/biotechnology-transforming-agriculture/
"Biotechnology transforming Agriculture." International Defense Security & Technology - Accessed October 5, 2022. https://idstch.com/technology/biosciences/biotechnology-transforming-agriculture/
"Biotechnology transforming Agriculture." International Defense Security & Technology [Online]. Available: https://idstch.com/technology/biosciences/biotechnology-transforming-agriculture/. [Accessed: October 5, 2022]

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