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Paving the Way for a Lunar Economy: DARPA’s LOGIC Initiative Accelerates Commercial Lunar Infrastructure Standards

Introduction: As the world turns its gaze toward lunar exploration, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is taking bold strides to ensure the development of a robust lunar economy. The Lunar Guidelines for Infrastructure Consortium (LOGIC) emerges as a pivotal initiative, aiming to establish interoperability standards for commercial lunar infrastructure and foster a collaborative lunar community.

DARPA’s Vision:

DARPA envisions a future where the lunar landscape is dotted with shareable, scalable commercial systems that support a thriving lunar ecosystem.

At the heart of LOGIC’s mission lies the identification and proposal of interoperable standards for commercial lunar infrastructure. Additionally, the consortium will serve as a catalyst for community-driven development of operational guidelines and pathways to bridge any interoperability gaps hindering the advancement of lunar infrastructure.  The establishment of standardized interfaces and protocols will be crucial for enabling the seamless integration and operation of various lunar infrastructure components. This will pave the way for the development of more complex and capable lunar systems, while also reducing costs and improving efficiency.

To transform this vision into reality, the agency plans to convene government entities, industry leaders, academic institutions, and international stakeholders under the LOGIC umbrella. This consortium will serve as a platform for technical discussions, standard development, and the creation of operational guidelines to bridge interoperability gaps in commercial lunar infrastructure.

LOGIC’s Objectives:

The primary objectives of the Lunar Guidelines for Infrastructure Consortium include:

  1. Interoperability Standards: LOGIC will identify and propose interoperating standards for commercial lunar infrastructure, ensuring seamless collaboration among diverse systems.
  2. Operational Guidelines: The consortium aims to encourage the lunar community to develop operational guidelines, fostering a cohesive approach to commercial lunar infrastructure.
  3. Closing Interoperability Gaps: LOGIC will actively work to identify and address gaps in interoperability, promoting a harmonized lunar infrastructure.

Collaboration with Johns Hopkins University:

Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, has joined forces with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in an initiative aimed at establishing interoperability standards for commercial infrastructure on the Moon. APL will spearhead the Lunar Operating Guidelines for Infrastructure Consortium (LOGIC), a DARPA project that seeks to bring together stakeholders from industry, academia, and government to identify crucial interoperability and interface requirements for lunar infrastructure. The focus will be on areas such as power distribution, communications, positioning, navigation, and timing, lunar surface surveying, and cislunar space traffic control.

In collaboration with NASA’s Lunar Surface Innovation Initiative (LSII) and Lunar Surface Innovation Consortium (LSIC), LOGIC aims to expedite the development of consensus-driven interoperability standards. APL, already operating LSIC and LSII in conjunction with NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate, will lead working groups within LOGIC, emphasizing standardization and modular components’ benefits. The initiative will assess the impact of potential technologies on the broader space community and devise community-recommended solutions to address interoperability gaps.

DARPA’s recently launched 10-Year Lunar Architecture (LunA-10) capability study is part of the broader effort to establish a civil lunar framework for both U.S. and international purposes. LunA-10 seeks to develop foundational technology concepts that move beyond individual efforts, promoting shareable, scalable systems that can create monetizable services for future lunar users. DARPA and NASA are collaborating closely, leveraging the expertise of LSII and LSIC communities to integrate decades of operational experience. Through LOGIC, APL will facilitate collaborative efforts, fostering synergy between LOGIC and LSIC teams to maximize the collective expertise of the community.

Lunar Economy Investment:

LOGIC is part of DARPA’s broader commitment to invest in lunar infrastructure. The agency launched the 10-Year Lunar Architecture (LunA-10) Capability Study in August 2023. This study seeks to develop foundational technology concepts, emphasizing shareable, scalable systems that minimize the lunar footprint and offer monetizable services for future lunar users.

Dr. Michael “Orbit” Nayak’s Perspective: Dr. Michael Nayak, program manager in DARPA’s Strategic Technology Office, emphasized the uniqueness of LOGIC’s focus. While other initiatives concentrate on technology development, LOGIC zeroes in on the collaborative aspect, exploring how different systems can seamlessly work together. The initiative invites maximum participation from the public and private sectors and international stakeholders.

Collaboration with NASA’s Lunar Surface Innovation Initiative:

DARPA emphasizes the need for continuous collaboration within the lunar technology community to ensure an interoperable future that supports a diverse industrial base. This ongoing dialogue will facilitate efficient upgrades, maintenance, and repairability for commercial lunar services, ensuring the long-term sustainability of lunar infrastructure.

LOGIC will work in tandem with NASA’s Lunar Surface Innovation Initiative, aligning efforts to develop international, consensus-driven technical interoperability standards. Areas of focus include power distribution, communications, relative positioning and navigation methods, lunar surface surveying, and cislunar air and space traffic control.


DARPA’s LOGIC Initiative stands as a beacon for collaborative lunar exploration. By fostering interoperability standards and operational guidelines, LOGIC propels us closer to a future where the lunar economy flourishes through collective efforts, diverse industrial bases, and efficient infrastructure upgrades. The moon is no longer just a destination; it is poised to become a dynamic ecosystem of shared resources and collaborative endeavors.

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