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Photonics

Nanobiophotonics multidisciplinary field of nanotechnology, biomedical science, and photonics Applications

This is the age of multidisciplinary frontiers in science and technology where major breakthroughs are likely to occur at the interfaces of disciplines.   Light has always fascinated mankind and since the beginning of recorded history, it has been both a subject of research and a tool for the investigation …

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Photonic and Optical Coatings vital for military operations

Optical coatings are widely used in applications including architecture, consumer electronics, solar panels, automotive, medical, telecommunication, and military & defense.   Optical or photonic coatings are generally used to increase the reflection, transmission, or polarization properties of a component, e.g., prisms, polarizing films, color filters, mirrors, diffraction mosaics, and refractory …

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Infrared Metamaterial Absorber

Metamaterials are artificial materials composed of periodic or aperiodic structures to have extraordinary electromagnetic characterizations. By properly tailoring the feature size of metamaterial, it can be realized electro-optic devices spanning the wavelength range from microwave, infrared (IR), visible to ultraviolet (UV) caused from the transformation optics.   In view of …

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In-Fiber Photonic Processing for photonic computing

Artificial Intelligence promises huge benefits to the world but lacks the proper infrastructure for implementation.  AI infrastructure today is either too expensive, too slow, too hot or far too power hungry to be sustainable and commercially available to many potential customers. This is especially salient for edge solutions where accurate, …

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Military optronics surveillance & sighting systems

Optronics, surveillance and sighting systems allow defence forces to effectively locate, track, observe and engage a range of targets in land, airborne and maritime warfare domains both during daylight and after dark. These military-grade systems play a vital role in border security, base protection, patrol and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions.    Unmanned systems have become an integral part of military forces worldwide, …

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Ultra accurate Optical clocks to enable GPS with centimeter-level location accuracy and distributed engagement and surveillance DOD architecture

Phones and other GPS-enabled devices pinpoint your location on Earth by contacting at least four satellites bearing atomic clocks. Each of these satellites provides a time stamp, and the system calculates your location based on the relative differences among those times. The accuracy of GPS Navigation is primary degraded due …

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DARPA ROCkN optical atomic clocks will enable multidomain synchronization among various platforms, multi vehicle swarms

Synchronizing modern electronic systems such as the Internet and GPS navigation is currently done using microwave atomic clocks that measure time based on the frequency of natural vibrations of cesium atoms. Those vibrations occur at microwave frequencies that can easily be used in electronic systems.   Optical atomic clocks will …

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Optical Metamaterials enter commercial phase enabling super-resolution imaging to cloaking

Metamaterials are artificially structured materials designed to control and manipulate physical phenomena such as light and other electromagnetic waves, sound waves and seismic waves in unconventional ways, resulting in exotic behavior that’s not found in nature. This class of micro- and nano-structured artificial media are predicted to be able to protect …

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Graphene infrared (IR) photodetectors enable ultrafast and room temperature IR cameras ultrasensitive for entire spectrum, and 3D cameras

Photodetectors, also called photosensors, are sensors of light or other electromagnetic radiation. There is a wide variety of photodetectors that may be classified by mechanism of detection, such as photoelectric or photochemical effects, or by various performance metrics, such as spectral response. Photodetectors are devices that measure photon flux or …

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Ground and Space optical telescopes critical for Space Situational Awareness

There has been an exponential growth of space objects, including orbital debris that has increased the in-orbit collision risk. NASA estimates there are 21,000 objects orbiting Earth that are larger than 10 cm, 500,000 between 1 and 10 cm, and more than 100 million that are less than 1 cm. …

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