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Indian Ocean maritime security threats and Indian Navy’s Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) technology requirements and solutions

Indian Ocean has always been vulnerable to criminals and anti-national activities. The Indian Ocean is an area of conflict. According to a recent analysis of global conflicts by the Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research, altogether 42% of world conflicts can be associated with Indian Ocean countries. Numerous cases of the …

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Phased array antennas for phased array radars to satellite constellations to SATCOM On-The-Move (SOTM) on warships

Wireless electronic systems have been relying on dish antennas to send and receive signals. These systems have been widely used where directivity is important and many of those systems work well at a relatively low cost after years of optimization. These dish antennas having a mechanical arm to rotate the …

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Rising employment of Unmanned and Autonomous underwater vehicle (UUV & AUV) in Naval ASW & MCM missions

UUVs—submersible unmanned vehicles—are divided into two categories: remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs) and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs). ROVs are controlled and powered by a person or crew on either land or neighboring craft via an umbilical or using remote control. The cables enable maneuverability of the ROV, allowing it to travel …

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Threat of stealthy, smart and lethal sea mines driving development of new mine countermeasure platforms and systems

Traditional navies as well as maritime terrorists can and have used mines and underwater improvised explosive devices (UWIEDs) to challenge military and commercial uses of the seas. More than thirty countries produce mines, and twenty countries export them. Iran has reportedly laid several thousand naval mines, North Korea’s 50,000, China 100,000 or so, and Russia …

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Li-Fi Technology promise to bring the Internet ot IoT Under the Sea and improve Navy’s Ship and submarine communications

It is predicted that LEDs will be the ultimate light source in the near future powering indoor illumination, outdoor lamps, traffic signs, advertising displays, car headlights/taillights, etc. Now another technique  promises to double the utility of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by using their light as a medium for communication in a …

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Lithium-ion Batteries powered Submarines, UUW and torpedoes have enhanced Stealth, endurance, speed and reliability

Batteries have been used on underwater applications for more than a century, for instance, lead-acid batteries have been used in conventionally powered submarines since the end of the 19th century. Since World War II, submarines have used lead acid batteries. Lead acid batteries are heavy, but they’re also a proven …

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Russia launches World’s first floating Nuclear Reactor, to power military forward operating bases, disputed islands and Arctic

Small modular reactors (SMRs) defined as nuclear reactors generally 300MWe equivalent or less. SMRs have generated global interest, and potential future applications are a subject of international research directives.  Their are around 50 different SMR designs worldwide according to the IAEA.  Project proposals include use of SMRs for desalination, process …

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China’s two aircraft carriers, the Liaoning and the Shandong, recently completed military drills in the South China Sea, plans to launch its third aircraft carrier by end of 2020 or early 2021

In 2015, the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC, China) Ministry of National Defense published its military strategy which highlighted the increasing importance of maritime dominance stating that “the traditional mentality that land outweighs sea must be abandoned, and great importance has to be attached to managing the seas and oceans …

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Synthetic Aperture Sonar on Unmanned underwater vehicle (UUVs) and AUVs is transforming Mine Countermeasures and Undersea Warfare

SOund Navigation And Ranging or SONAR is a technique of distance measuring between detector and an object base on sound reflection. The distance can be calculated from propagation time and speed of sound in specific mediums. For military, Sonars are the eyes and ears of ships or submarines in water …

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