Commercial aerospace has faced a challenging 2019, with a combination of trade wars, deteriorating economic conditions, and the 737 MAX grounding contributing to a global slowdown in the industry. The global 737 MAX grounding has been a key factor. With the 737 MAX still awaiting regulatory reapproval to fly, Boeing delivered only 239 jets in the first half of 2019, a 37 percent decline on the previous year. As a result, the company posted its largest ever loss of $3.4 billion in the second quarter of 2019.
However, there are positive signs for the industry. The aftermarket continues to be healthy, driven mainly by air traffic growth and airlines keeping older aircraft in the skies. What’s more, extra demand in Europe, supported by strong growth rates in the Middle East and Latin America, is taking up some of the slack created by weaker growth elsewhere. However, there are reasons for optimism. Once the software issues with the 737 MAX are resolved, Boeing should be able to take its production rate back up to 52 jets per month.
All Aircrafts depend on propulsion system is to produce thrust so as to lift the object for a prolonged period of time by consuming different fuels. Presently jet engines are the workhorses of airplanes carrying millions of people, trillions of miles every year, at supersonic speed and with high safety; the failure rate is only once every million flight hours. A flight propulsion system generally consists of an aircraft engine and some means to generate thrust, such as a propeller or a propulsive nozzle.
NASA explains their principle, “All jet engines, which are also called gas turbines, work on the same principle. The engine sucks air in at the front with a fan. A compressor raises the pressure of the air. The compressor is made with many blades attached to a shaft. The blades spin at high speed and compress or squeeze the air. The compressed air is then sprayed with fuel and an electric spark lights the mixture. The burning gases expand and blast out through the nozzle, at the back of the engine. As the jets of gas shoot backward, the engine and the aircraft are thrust forward. As the hot air is going to the nozzle, it passes through another group of blades called the turbine. The turbine is attached to the same shaft as the compressor. Spinning the turbine causes the compressor to spin.”
Several energy conversion technologies have been identified or proposed that may have potential for application in commercial aircraft e.g., solar power, nuclear power, battery/fuel cell power, and hydrogen engines. However, these advanced concepts would require major innovations, development, and changes in infrastructure before they could serve as viable alternatives to hydrocarbon-powered gas turbine engines. Electric propulsion of aircraft is a growing phenomenon in a sector subject to mounting scrutiny with regard to its environmental impact.
The Aircraft Engines market will grow with a significant CAGR between 2019 to 2028. During the past few years, the global consumption of Flight Propulsion Systems increases by 7570 Units in 2017 from 5610 Units in 2012, The whole market value is about 127220.18 million USD in 2017. Regionally, North America is the biggest Consumption area of Flight Propulsion Systems in the world and china is the most potential market with the fastest growing rate of 9.48% .
The propulsion systems market is driven by factors, such as rise in the number of aircraft deliveries, increase in the number of space expeditions, and upgradation of airborne and unmanned aerial vehicles, among others. Increasing demand of aircrafts in the commercial aviation sector is a major factor, driving the growth of the global aircraft engines market. Increasing military budgets, especially in emerging economies and adoption of aircrafts that are equipped with advance technology are also factors propelling the demand of the aircrafts and drives the growth of the global market. In addition, growing regional unrest and increasing terrorist activities are also factors anticipated to increase demand for aircrafts in the military sector.
“Among applications, the aircraft segment is estimated to account for the largest market share of the propulsion systems market during the forecast period.”
Based on application, the aircraft segment is estimated to account for the largest share of the propulsion systems market during the forecast period. Increasing commercial aviation operations, growing international tourism, rising air passenger traffic, and increasing budget allocations for the defense sector are the key factors propelling the growth of the propulsion systems market in aircraft application
The UAV propulsion system market is highly competitive at present owing to the increased demand from the aerospace and defense industry. In any case, to efficiently survive and prevail in such a competitive environment, the manufacturers ought to provide cost-effective and high-quality services. The market is expected to grow rapidly with the ease in the regulations for integration of drones in the civilian air space, thereby increasing demand for electrically-powered engines.
“Among types, the electric propulsion segment of the propulsion systems market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period.”
Based on type, the electric propulsion segment of the propulsion systems market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. Electric propulsion is used in satellites and spacecraft mainly for trajectory correction. Moreover, increased use of electric propulsion in telecommunication satellites in developed as well as emerging economies is expected to boost the growth of the electric propulsion segment of the propulsion systems market between 2016 and 2021.
Electric plane power is much simpler — batteries power an electric motor that spins a propeller. It’s more efficient, but involves far less thrust, which is why electric planes tend to be slow. Electric propulsion can be powered by rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, or solar energy.The need to optimize aircraft performance, decrease operating and maintenance costs, and reduce gas emissions have pushed aircraft industry’s to progress more electric aircraft (MEA), and ultimately an All Electric Aircraft.
“The future will continue to see different and diverging requirements for the military and commercial sectors. Variable mission and adaptive capabilities will drive military programs, while time on wing and efficiency will continue to be the drivers for commercial aircraft. Material choices will differ with the technological and engineering trade-offs within each sector, and the portfolio of materials for aircraft engines will continue to grow with additional research and development, says Ernest ,” said Arvai at Pratt and Whitney
The UAV propulsion market is expected to witness a significant growth in the coming years
The demand for UAVs propulsion systems is rapidly gaining pace in the aerospace and defense industry owing to the flourishing level of future demand for unmanned aerial vehicles. The rising demand from defense and commercial applications are the major factors responsible for enhancing the growth of UAV propulsion market, globally. Global UAV Propulsion System Market Anticipated to Reach to $4,712.2 Million by 2024, according to ResearchAndMarkets.com
The global UAV propulsion system market has gained widespread importance owing to the growing need to deploy UAVs in diverse and emerging applications. However, high cost of development and restrictions on UAV propulsion due to certain set standards of emission and noise are some of the chief factors that are restraining the market growth.
North America dominated the global UAV propulsion system market with a share of 77.37% in 2018. North America, including the major countries such as the U.S., is currently the most prominent region for the UAV propulsion system market. In North America, the U.S. acquired a major market share in 2018 due to the major usage of UAVs in the military, government, and commercial applications.
The UAV technology has become one of the essential constituents which comprise a country’s military mission nowadays. There is an increased requirement of noise reduction UAVs amongst military forces in order to carry out surveillance missions. Thus, an effective propulsion system is required so as to meet this particular requirement.Various types of propulsion systems are being used in the UAVs depending on size of the aircraft.
One of the key players in the UAV propulsion system market, 3W International, is supplying patented next-generation heavy-fuel (HF) engines for helicopters, unmanned fixed wings, and hybrid unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in the naval industry. The 3W-180 SRE Wankel Rotary UAV Engine is a compact hybrid cycle engine, which is lightweight and offers a high power-to-weight ratio, enabling higher payloads during field operations. With the hybrid-boost power capabilities, an additional 15KW simplifies its lift-off or acceleration processes.
Rotron Power Ltd, a manufacturer of advanced rotary-powered propulsion systems for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) applications,has announced the successful completion of a 1,000 hour simulated flight endurance test. The test, carried out with its RT600-EXE engine, is the culmination of a prestigious grant from the National Aerospace Technology Exploitation Programme (NATEP) to research new and innovative methods for extending the flight duration and longevity of UAV engines.
According to the analyst at BIS Research, “The UAV propulsion system market was estimated to capture a market value of $363.8 million in 2016 with electrically-powered segment accommodating the highest share.” The market is expected to witness a significant growth in the coming years.
Market by Region
The North America accounts for largest market share in terms of revenue and expected to maintain its dominance over the forecast period, owing to an increasing preference for air travel among consumers in the region. The Asia Pacific market is expected to witness the fastest growth, especially in emerging economies due to increasing manufacturers and rising military budget.
“The North American region is estimated to account for the largest share of the propulsion systems market during the forecast period, while the propulsion systems market in the Asia-Pacific region is projected to grow at the highest CAGR between 2016 and 2021.” Presence of large number of original component manufacturers (OCMs) and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in the region is fueling the growth of the North America propulsion systems market.
In UAV maket, North America is expected to dominate the market in the forecast period which is followed by Asia Pacific, Europe and rest of the world. U.S. being the largest military spender; is expected to procure UAVs for its military missions, which indeed will generate demand for propulsion systems. Similarly, Asia Pacific is expected to grow at a fastest CAGR with China dominating the market in this region.
The ecosystem of the propulsion systems market comprises type and application. The propulsion systems value chain includes raw material manufacturers, such as Safran S.A. (France), Rolls-Royce Holdings plc. (U.K.), and General Electric Company (U.S.), among others. The key players operating in the propulsion systems market include United Technologies Corporation (U.S.), 3W International GmbH (Germany), Orbital ATK Inc. (U.S.), Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings, Inc. (U.S.), and Honeywell International Inc. (U.S.), among others.
References and Resources also include: