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Yearly Archives: 2021

Chemical/Biological Threat to Air Transportation

Historically, most terrorist attacks on civilian targets have involved the use of firearms or explosives, and current defensive strategies are aimed at preventing attacks perpetrated by such means. However, the use of the nerve agent sarin in 1995 to attack the Tokyo subway system, the use of the U.S. mail …

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Submarine accidents and incidents

Many navies now have a fleet of submarines, both large and small, primarily using them as a deterrent in territorial waters. A standard fleet is typically about five or more boats. China, India, Japan and South Korea all have large submarine fleets. In Southeast Asia, Indonesia has long had submarines. …

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Nuclear Security Threat due to emerging technologies like cyber-warfare, artificial intelligence, precision targeting, drones and hypersonic delivery systems

The potential use of nuclear weapons poses the greatest danger to U.S. security. According to the U.S. National Security Strategy, Recently Nuclear threat is rising again due to nuclear arms race in asia, modernisation of  nuclear arsenal by Major and regional powers, statement by countries like North Korea to use …

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Metamaterials for Sensitive Biomolecule Sensing and Imaging

The ability to design and fabricate materials with new functionalities opens the door to a new world of possibilities. They can be tailored to either augment the functionality of existing devices or create new devices with superior performances. Metamaterials are artificially structured materials designed to control and manipulate physical phenomena …

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New Satellite test facilities required due to large Commercial and Military thrust on Microsatellites and Nanosatellites

As of May 2021, there are about 4,300 active artificial satellites currently orbit Earth. We rely so much on satellites for so many things in our lives, and we count on them to be durable and reliable. When satellites don’t work properly, they can severely impact our lives. That’s why …

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DARPA MICE will quantify how authoritarian regimes control information

Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by the rejection of political plurality, the use of strong central power to preserve the political status quo, and reductions in the rule of law, separation of powers, and democratic voting. Authoritarian states might contain nominally democratic institutions such as political parties, legislatures, …

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DARPA AWE to provide Drinking Water extracted from Air , on Demand to soldiers in battlefield

It is estimated that around four billion people on the globe suffer from water scarcity. Distribution and production of fresh water and the control over water sources are potential cause for conflicts. Therefore, researchers are investigating new ways of freshwater production and the improvement of existing techniques.   Potable water …

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lubricants for electric vehicles and hybrids

Transport is responsible for around 23% of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions globally. This is expected to double by 2050. Motor vehicles also put a burden on society, especially in urban environments where they are chiefly responsible for noise and air pollution. Electric vehicles (EVs) have been considered as critical technology for …

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Marine Communication involves Secure ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore communications

Globalization has opened the doors for trade across the world and it has thus become necessary for ships to be equipped with the latest forms of communication and technology. Communication is vital for the safe navigation and management of ships. Marine communication involves ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore communication. Cell phones are …

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DARPA EDGE enabling Human Control of Military Autonomous and AI based systems

Interactions with technologically sophisticated artificial intelligence (AI) agents are now commonplace. We increasingly rely on intelligent systems to extend our human capabilities, from chatbots that provide technical support to virtual assistants like Siri and Alexa. Examples of such systems include air traffic control, aircraft cockpits, chemical processing, and the power …

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